December 2016: Always report suspicious emails relating to tax refunds: Message from Claire:-
Recently I received an email claiming to be from HMRC and saying I was due a tax refund. It was very convincing, and I was nearly caught out by it, as I know I am due a refund, but just to be safe, I did not open the link offered, and fwd to the HMRC. The next day I got a treply.
"..... Thank you for letting us know about the suspicious email / text you have received. We can confirm that this is a scam, and was not issued by HMRC. Our specialist team will investigate and take the necessary action. Whilst we cannot inform you of the outcome of these investigations I can confirm that we do act on each submission we receive. HMRC will never send notifications of a tax refund or ask you to disclose personal or payment information by email or text message. If following receipt of a HMRC related e-mail / text scam you have disclosed: Personal information such as password/user ID; credit/debit card information or have reason to believe your computer has been exposed to a virus Please forward a report to us at: HYPERLINK "mailto:email@example.com" firstname.lastname@example.org "
March 2016 :Alert from the Greek Cyber Crime Unit: The virus "Locky" has appeared in our country. This malware is an evolution of known malicious «Cryptolocker» or «Ransomware» software, one of the digital type Crypto-Malware threats and may affect all operating systems. In particular, this malware is spreading - mainly transmitted through email messages (e-mails), carrying an infected attachment, and when we visit insecure or infected websites. After installation of the operating system, this malicious software by using a sophisticated encryption system 'locks' various types of digital files. To unlock the files, perpetrators require the user to pay a sum of money.
The Computer Crime urges Internet users not to pay the money requested in order to discourage such illegal practices BEST-TV (14-3-16)
October 2015 : Reappearance of malware «CryptoWall» in Greece : It can affect all versions of the operating system. In particular, the malware spreads (is transmitted) when we visit insecure or "infected" web pages, displayed as supposedly legitimate information of popular applications. However, in most cases, the «CryptoWall» spreads through "contaminated" emails. It is extremely dangerous to corporate networks where the spread can be rapid
For more information /advice citizens can contact the Department of Electronic Crime
Telephone: 210-6476464 or 11188 e-mail to: ccu\cybercrimeunit.gov
Through the application for smart phones with operating system iOS - Android: CYBERKID
Through Twitter «SOS Line Cyber Alert »:cyberalertGR. Tharros
April 2015:This 'County Court' scam email is circulating again - possibly in your spam folder!eg
Notice to Appear,
You have to appear in the Court on the April 7.
Please, prepare all the documents relating to the case and bring them to Court on the specified date.
Note: The case will be heard by the judge in your absence if you do not come.
The copy of Court Notice is attached to this email.
DO NOT OPEN THE ATTACHMENT The attachment is known malware. If you were going to be called to court, you would not first find out about it in this fashion. snopes What can happen if you open it - mirror
February 2015:A new warning from the Greek Department of Electronic Crime about malicious software (Backdoor Trojan) on FACEBOOK:They advise
• Do not click on posts with strange contents or posts that do not appear to lead to a known site.
• From the security settings of «Facebook» activate the option in which no one will be able to tag them without approval.
• Antivirus software should always be updated.
• Always get updated version of the computer operating system.
If you have concerns, contact the Department of Electronic Crime :By phone: 111 88 or e-mail to: email@example.com see Tharros
In December 2014, Facebook launched third free anti-virus scanner - for details see theguardian
December 2014: Do not post photographs of your child on Facebook! In his recent speech on the protection of children online, the Director of Department of Electronic Crime, Manos Sfakianakis, gave parents the most clear directive "No photos of children online!". Mr. Sfakianakis reported quite a few cases of children in Greece, being found in a very difficult position when their photos were used in photomontages (eg the child's face with the body of a porn star). which appeared at school. Not only may the photo itself irritate the child, but it can lead to ridicule and bullying. Another warning was for parents to pay attention to what their children post on line - details such as birthdate, address and school can be used for identity fraud, and pictures posted today, may be an embarrassment to them when they are older! "It sounds trivial, if you think about it, but the fact that everyone can have information for the entire life of your child, which can be managed as desired, is at least scary."
For more information contact Department of Electronic Crime at 210-6476464, 210-6476000. Tharros
January 2014 : Holiday Booking Fraud : Two Greeks have been caught selling 'dream trips' to Paris, Dubai or London, that do not exist. They used Facebook sites, and conducted telephone interviews to convince people to pay in advance. The two men were arrested after months of police and digital research.
Prompted by this case , the Subdivision Electronic Crime Police Agency Economic and Cyber Crime Unit, is urging Internet users:-
• Be especially careful on the transactions undertaken via the internet and make electronic transactions to reliable websites that follow reliable security protocols.
• In case of transactions over the Internet and to avoid possible tricked when buying goods or services, or any kind of online booking for tours and excursions, you should check if the website you are using is valid and opt for trading and markets only from known and secure sites.
• It is recommended to use prepaid cards shopping online so they are available only to the amount to be used immediately, while in this way given the option of adding money only when there is a need to be handled safely online trading.
• Do not have confidence in the information and promises of strange and questionable websites. ETHNOS
Cyber crime is on the increase, so it is important to be aware of what to do about it, if you become a victim.
Cyber crime takes many forms. It may be a minor matter such as using your contact details without permission, which is covered by the data protection act, but there are many more serious crimes. These include hi-jacking your emailing list (we have heard of several of cases locally), stealing your bank details, publishing/sending pornographic material, and cyber-stalking/bullying, which can be very distressing for the victim.
Although the Internet is worldwide, each country has its own arrangements for dealing with cyber crime. Here in Greece, you need to report any actual or suspected crime to the Cyber Police. The local Police will not be able to do anything.
REPORTING AN INCIDENT
In Greece, law enforcement is organised by the Ministry of Public Security. Policing is carried out by the Hellenic Police. Each crime is prosecuted either after the victim has pressed charges, or at the District Attorney's own initiative. If you have concerns about any aspect of computer crime you can report the incident here, in English.FORTH cert This includes data protection, cyber bullying and fraud.
The Greek police Cyber-Crime Department is located at, 173 Alexandras Avenue, 115 22 Athens, Greece, tel. 210-647-6461, fax 210-6429-893. email firstname.lastname@example.org (Nov 2012)
Here is a link with advice on what to do if YOU ARE BEING HARASSED ON-LINE
The FORTH site also has contact details for many related organisations and links such as 'Legal Procedures of Computer and Network Misuse' and SAFENETHOME which is part of the European internet safety network . It aims to promote safer use of the Internet and new online technologies, particularly for children, and to fight against illegal content and content unwanted by the end-user, as part of a coherent approach by the European Union.
BEING AWARE OF RISKS
Prevention is better than cure! Be suspicious of any requests for personal details, especially if they are money related, and report phishing (emails that appear to be from a reputable source, but are not). Email providers have procedures for reporting phishing - check how yours works.
FORTH also publish alerts, warnings and announcements.This service involves disseminating information that describes an intruder attack, security vulnerability, intrusion alert, computer virus, or hoax. It provides any short-term recommended course of action for dealing with the resulting problem.
If you use the internet for business, it may be worth contacting a company specialising in internet security, such as TRUST-IT which has a newsletter with alerts, advice on best prcatice, and offers consultancy.
DON'T HELP THE CRIMINALS
Some simple precautions can make things harder for the criminals
When emailing a group of people use Bcc not just Cc. With Bcc(blind carbon copy) each recipient sees only the sender's name, not the other recipients.
When forwarding a mass email, delete all but the last name before sending it on. If you don't, all the previous recipients are on display for everyone, to see.